Flickers by Edward Norton
Approx. 44,470 words.
Published on September 10, 2011.
When movies were first shown in boxes and on sheets, they were known as "flickers." For 30 years the movies were silent. A newsreel camerman made the first sound-on-film movie, one of the anonymous cameramen who brought reality to the movie palaces. Sound brought a revolution to Hollywood, and changed the way we see and hear in today's communications revolutions.