The phobia is an extreme fear, irrational and disproportionate to objects, situations or activities that do not in themselves represent a real threat and to which most people compare it without difficulty. Sufferers, in fact, is overwhelmed by the dread of coming in contact with their phobic object or face the prospect of doing something that leaves indifferent most people. More
The presence of the phobic object, or sometimes even just the thought of it, induces some physiological symptoms such as tachycardia, urinary and digestive disorders, nausea, diarrhea, choking, flushing, sweating, tremor and fatigue. They're evil and you want only one thing: escape. Escape, on the other hand, is a strategy of emergency. The tendency to avoid all situations or conditions that may be associated with fear, although it reduces the time the effects of fear, is actually a deadly trap: every avoidance, in fact, confirms the danger of the situation and avoided preparing the avoidance. This spiral of progressive avoidances produces an increase, not only of no confidence in their resources, but also the reaction of the phobic person to the point that it interferes significantly with the individual's normal routine, occupational functioning, or with school or with the activities or social relations.