Erik H. Erikson and Basic Trust vs. Basic Mistrust (Psychosocial Stages of Development)
Basic Trust vs. Basic Mistrust is the stage of the infant. After birth, we slowly familiarize our environment, eventually knowing that if Mother walks away, she will be back. Teething brings conflict as biting, the only relief, causes Mother to shy away. But if all goes well, we maintain ourselves against feelings of separation. If not, neuroses may develop, even schizo-depressive states. More
Basic Trust vs. Basic Mistrust (also called simply Trust vs. Mistrust) is the stage of the infant, according to Erikson’s “Eight Ages of Man.” Solving the conflict between trust and mistrust is basically a function of the maternal relationship and the quality thereof.
During this stage, we slowly become familiar with our new environment, eventually feeling comfortable enough to know that if Mother walks away, she will be back. Teething brings a conflict when biting, the only thing that eases the pain, causes Mother, the keeper of nutrients and comfort, to shy away.
If everything goes well, we are able to maintain ourselves against feelings of separation. If something hinders this progress, neuroses can develop, even so far as descent into schizo-depressive states.
The defense mechanisms projection and introjection are also explored.