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  • Hazards: Can damage a fetus if you consume while pregnant, can make dehydration worse, and can potentially interact negatively with diabetes medication.



  • Other species that might be mistaken as: roots look very similar to those of deadly nightshade, so be careful. The biggest difference is that the burdock has burrs.



  • Environmental impact (amount to take, plants to avoid): Very common so you can take a decent amount, just make sure to leave plenty in the area.




Cattail 2




Typha is a very common plant, and is generally found near water sources. They grow very densely in marshes, swamps, and ditches. In its early stage it’s easily confused for non-poisonous calamus(Acorus calamus), poisonous daffodil (Amaryllidaceae) and iris(Iris species) shoots, all of which have similar leaves. Fortunately, by mid-spring cattails grow much taller than all of these look-alikes, therefore making them unmistakable, even to a beginner.
Harvesting these is best by late spring, when stalks grow tall, and become inedibly fibrous with developing flowers. Roots and young shoots can be used as a starch. Young cattail plants reach about two feet tall, but when fully matured they reach about ten feet tall. Their stems are olive to dark green and one to two centimeters thick. The flowering spike at the end is a brown, cylindrical, sausage-like shape.

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