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The military campaigns of the Mongols were fearsomely successful, almost entirely without defeat during the unification and existence of the Mongol Empire. A combination of highly effective psychological warfare, peerless discipline among their warriors, excellent equipment and tactical prowess, among other factors, allowed the Mongol expansion to be continued to such an extent as to have formed the largest empire the world has ever seen, nearly covering the entire land mass of Asia, and beyond.1 This massive expansion had brought a mere 700,000 Mongols to be the lords of Asia, spreading them thinly across a vast territory.2 How did so few people maintain control over such a vast and varied empire for hundreds of years? What was essential to the Mongol regime in foreign lands to overcome this issue? It appears unlikely that any part of the Mongol domain could possibly have been maintained without some cooperation on the part of the conquered society. Each Khanate had its own solutions to this problem; for Ghazan in the Ilkhanate this support was largely and consciously garnered from the deeply ingrained religious segment of Islam through his conversion and a number of pro-Islamic policies.

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