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The district owes its luxuriant vegetation to an 1816 flood caused by the overflowing Mississippi River. Although many plantations between Carrollton and the emerging American sector were destroyed, a rich deposit of alluvial silt created a very desirable feature for future development—higher ground. In the early 1830s Jacques Livaudais sold his sugarcane plantation, which was soon subdivided, later incorporated as the city of Lafayette and subsequently annexed to New Orleans, when it became known as the Garden District.


In addition to thriving indigenous and exotic plantings and magnolia trees rivaling oaks in size, the neighborhood covers 27 city blocks and boasts 200 residences in a variety of building styles, including Gothic, Greek Revival and Renaissance. Many homes are embellished with iron lacework, a hallmark of New Orleans architecture. Mark Twain loved to visit the Garden District and called it a place where “the mansions stand in the center of large grounds and rise, garlanded with roses, out of the midst of swelling masses of shining green foliage and many-colored blossoms. No houses could well be in better harmony with their surroundings, or more pleasing to the eye.”


Our walking tour will begin at tcorner of Washington Avenue and Prytania Street at an old roller skating palace...



1.
The Garden District Book Shop

2727 Prytania Street, northeast corner of Washington Avenue

Built in 1884 as the Crescent City Skating Rink, it has been a long time since roller skates rounded the wooden floor here. Over the years it has served as a livery stable, mortuary facility, grocery store, and gas station. Today it is a bookstore, neighborhood resident Anne Rice’s favorite.

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