Iliad ad Nihilum: Psychê, Conscience, Wonder
by Michael Degener
Paragon of warrior valor, or, à la Shakespeare, “idol of idiot worshippers”? This study contends that The Iliad, authored by an ironic sixth century Athenian, unfolds a revolutionary critique of the martial aristocracy. Achilles is undone by his own curse of pothê upon the Achaeans, exposed to an experience of thauma, or wonder, at Patroclus’ psychê, in the first glimmerings of conscience.