A Symposium of Lectures and Articles on Military Mapping Section Six--Make Straight His Path: Maps and Topography in the Civil War & Military Mapping: Robert E. Lee Moves to Gettysburg
by Earl B. McElfresh
Military maps are not like civilian road maps which merely outline a transportation network. Military maps encompass a complete inventory of the topography of the geographic areas an army might march through or fight over.
The two articles in this symposium describe in great detail how maps were prepared, used and what effect maps, or lack of maps, had on Civil War campaigns and battles.