This text is divided into 3 sections. Section 1 deals with primary care of the patients. Section 2 is concerned with midface fractures. Section 3 discusses management of trauma to the lower face. More
Facial trauma is without doubt a most challenging area within the specialty of oral and maxillofacial surgery. Trauma with all its aspects has great importance, being the main cause of morbidity and mortality with rising frequency worldwide, especially in recent decades. Traumatic facial injuries are often associated with high mortality and varying degrees of physical, functional, psychological damage, cosmetic disfigurement, and concomitant injuries to other organs that may be added complicating factors. Road traffic accidents represent the main cause of facial trauma. According to WHO, Egypt leads the Middle East when it comes to road accidents, with an average of 12,000 people killed annually. Interpersonal violence is the second most prevalent etiologic factor. Our society is progressively becoming more and more violent and impatient, perhaps due to overcrowding, so the frequency of patients reporting in emergency with facial bones fracture is increasing. During the last three decades, significant advances have occurred in the methods of fixation used for facial bone fractures, resulting in improved functional and aesthetic outcomes. Surgical techniques have been moving away from delayed closed reduction with internal wires suspension to early open reduction and internal plate fixation. The transition from wire osteosynthesis to rigid internal fixation in facial bone fractures using different micro or mini-plates and screw systems is regarded as one of the greatest advances in the field of maxillofacial surgery. I hope this book reflects the latest trends, concepts and innovations in the care of patients with facial trauma.