ANTI OXIDANT PROPERTIES OF INDIAN NONI
Medicinal plants are an important subset of biodiversity which has lately emerged as a hot topic of discussions at various national and international floras. Medicinal plants have a unique significance in India and have remained a part of our cultural ethos from time immemorial. More
People on all continents have used hundreds of indigenous plants for treatment of ailments since prehistoric times. There are evidence from the Shanidar Cave in Iraq, that suggests, Neanderthals those lived 60,000 years ago used medicinal plants. A body that was unearthed had been buried with eight species of plants which are still widely used in ethnomedicine around the world. The use of herbs to treat disease is almost universal among non-industrialized societies. A number of traditions came to dominate the practice of herbal medicine at the end of the twentieth century. Many of the pharmaceuticals currently available to physicians have a long history of use as herbal remedies, including opium, aspirin, digitalis, and quinine. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 80 percent of the world's population presently uses herbal medicine for some aspect of primary health care. Herbal medicine is a major component in all traditional medicine systems and a common element in Ayurvedic, homeopathic, naturopathic, traditional Chinese medicine, and Native American medicine. According to WHO, 74% of 119 modern plant-derived pharmaceutical medicines are used in ways that are similar to their traditional uses. The use of and search for, drugs and dietary supplements derived from plants have accelerated in recent years. Approximately 25% of modern drugs used in the United States have been derived from plants and approximately 120 active compounds are currently isolated from the higher plants and widely used in modern medicine today and 75 percent show a positive correlation between their modern therapeutic use and the traditional use of the plants from which they are derived. More than two thirds of the world's plant species - at least 35,000 of which are estimated to have medicinal value - come from the developing countries and approximately 7,000 medical compounds in the modern pharmacopoeia are derived from plants. It has been estimated, that India is endowed with about 47,000 species of plants and ranks 8th in the world biodiversity. Out of these, 8000 species are known to be medicinal. Indian system of Medicine (ISM) use around 2,500 plant species belonging to more than 1,000 genera. About 800 species are used by industry, of which approximately 25% are presently cultivated.
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