Media Under Fire
The role of the mass media under authoritarian rule in Argentina and Brazil. More
The role of the mass media under authoritarian rule is a question that sociologists, political scientists, and specialists in communication have historically analyzed with great presumptuous conclusions regarding the manipulation of the press for political objectives Their emphasis is on in-direct control of communicative institutions through state sponsored censorship and other repressive measures directed at journalists and the media industry. Authoritarian regimes seek legitimacy and power and often times, they utilize the Press as their main tool to achieve their objectives. The historical case studies of authoritarian rule in Argentina (1976-1983) and Brazil (1968-1989) clearly exhibit the use of the media for political purposes. However, a closer analysis into specific events during these time periods will reveal how the press in these two countries became pawns of state initiatives while simultaneously playing a significant role in their respective movements towards re-democratization.