Muqatta'at: the wider Semitic context
The 29 unexplained abbreviations in the Quran are considered as possible acronyms in Hebrew or Aramaic. Abbreviations were widely used in Latin, Greek, Aramaic, but especially in Hebrew. Muslims in the early Meccan period were heavily influenced by rabbis. More
The letters EL were used as a euphemism for God. Alif-Lam appears 5 times followed by raa, and 7 times followed by mim. These muqatta'at would mean "God's spirit" and possibly "God's kingdom" in Hebrew. Other abbreviations include Ha - possibly Hashem andTa - possibly Torah.