Air National Guard Commander's Legal Deskbook
By nature of the position and the military structure, ANG and active duty commanders have authority to govern the members under their command, limited only by applicable federal or state law. Generally, ANG and active duty installa- tion commanders have ultimate authority over all activities on their bases subject to federal and state law. More
Conceptually, in the approach to and resolving problems that arise in a non-mobilized status, Air National Guard com- manders should understand that while there are many similarities between themselves and active duty commanders, there are also many diﬀerences. The diﬀerences stem inherently from the state and federal responsibilities of the ANG which require adherence to the laws of and control by two sovereigns. As a result, there are Air Force instructions that are not applicable to the Air National Guard, Air National Guard instructions that are not applicable to the active duty Air Force, and state laws that are only applicable to the Air National Guard of that state. It is this basic diﬀerence ANG commanders must keep in mind as they lead and manage their people to accomplish their missions and responsibilities.