Urban Cities and Green Deprivation
Despite the growing importance of ‘greening cities’ in Canada and around the world, a variety of studies have shown there is disproportionate access to the health benefits of green spaces which promotes spatial and health disparities. This study will examine the hypothesis that urban household income is inversely associated with odds of not having access to public green space or parks. More
In the next three decades, our world will face complex challenges specific to the urban setting as cities are expected to accommodate up to 70% of the world’s population. As a result, planners around the world have been tasked to design for healthier, smarter, and more resilient cities to mitigate some of the physical and social stresses within the urban environment, such as congestion and pollution. In Canada, the ‘healthy communities movement’ was initiated from the Ottawa Charter in the 1980s. The movement identified the need to address multiple determinants of health, which includes a healthy public policy approach – to engage and promote policies that are designed to improve population health, but does not necessarily have to come from the health sector.
To my knowledge, there is no national-level study that has assessed this relationship in Canada, despite claims that cities in Canada have widened the income and health inequality gap since the 1970s (19). If inequality is unlikely to come about by chance, then ‘greening cities’ in key areas can be considered a modifiable and health-promoting exposure that serves as a potential opportunity to narrow these gaps. This study will examine the hypothesis that urban household income is inversely associated with odds of not having access to public green space or parks.
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