Comments on Nicholas Berdyaev's Book (1939) Spirit and Reality

What is Spirit? What is Reality? Nicholas Berdyaev, a contemporary of Jacques Maritain, takes Positivist and empirio-schematic judgments in surprising directions. These comments rely on diagrams of these triadic structures developed in Comments on Jacques Maritain's Book (1935) Natural Philosophy. More

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About the Series: Empirio-schematics
In Philosophy of Nature (1935), Jacques Maritain wrestled with the modern sciences as opposed to traditions of natural philosophy, in particular, Aristotle. He considered the scholastic's concept of three degrees of abstraction: the physical, the typological and the extensive. Could these help in comprehending the differences?

If one considers judgment as a triadic relation, then it contains three elements: 'relation', 'what is' and 'what ought to be'. If one assigns Peirce's categories to each of these elements, then one makes an "actionable" judgment, capable of becoming a category-based nested form.

The three degrees of visualization associate to the three elements of judgment. Physical abstraction goes with 'what is'. Typological goes with 'what ought to be'. Extensive goes with 'relation'.

This model applies to Aristotle's judgment and injunction as well as the Positivist's judgment and empirio-schematics.

For students, the course begins with a sequential reading of Jacques Maritain's Philosophy of Nature followed by the commentary. Then, the student should read at least one application. The comments on Zuckerman, Li and Diener's article is the first application available.

Also in Series: Empirio-schematics

About the Series: Considerations of Jacques Maritain, John Deely and Thomistic Approaches to the Questions of These Times
Two models are used to appreciate the tendrils stretching from the present day into the oft forgotten Baroque and earlier scholastics of Christendom. These models are the triadic structure of judgment and the category-based nested form.

Two recent thinkers stand out.

One is Jacques Maritain, originally born in France. He came to Northern America around the time of the second world war. He is keenly interested in how to recover a scholastic approach within this world of modern science.

Another is John Deely, whose recent death marks the end of a long career as both a Thomist and a semiotician. Deely also confronted the philosophers of the day. He did so in a very entertaining manner.

Also, within this series, many articles from journals such as the American Catholic Philosophical Association, Faith and Philosophy, and others are commented upon, as well as Daniel Novotny excellent works on the Baroque scholastics.

This series is not a course, but a place to sample ideas. I encourage readers to consider both the original and these comments. They may be read in tandem or in sequence.

Also in Series: Considerations of Jacques Maritain, John Deely and Thomistic Approaches to the Questions of These Times

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