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The Upper Paleolithic Revolution was the first step towards UTOPIA. It was the shift in thinking that every individual lived and died alone, or in small groups. The Upper Paleolithic Revolution changed all this; it brought us a social structure that accompanies us to this day. It gave us the social structure that made mankind alone thrive over every other creature in existence. It gave us society, and laws to ensure our safety, and government to ensure that everyone worked for the greater good and obeyed the laws. It gave us large societies, and with the large society came the benefits that we now take for granted, benefits such as Laws for the good of the people, and Culture for passing down of knowledge between generations.

Of course, the large society needed to be fed, and while the pre-Upper Paleolithic revolution hominids could easily get by as hunter/gatherers, the explosion in population that was the result of living in the relative safety that a large society brought was not sustainable by simply hunting or gathering. It forced us to invent agriculture and with it, the agricultural revolution. It is not inconceivable that many of those first proto-humans around at the invention of the farm proclaimed that no man, woman or child would ever starve again, as it took the efforts of a handful of the population to feed everyone. One step closer to UTOPIA, but not there yet.

The development of animal husbandry no doubt brought renewed hope that the goal of UTOPIA was almost attained. Why hunt and risk losing valuable members of society when you can simply grow poultry and mammals in the same way you grew grain? Thus, even more people were freed up from working all the time to feed themselves. Society could simply expend a few people to spend all their time growing meat and poultry, and the rest of society need not hunt. Even more people with free time. Another step closer to UTOPIA, but not close enough. Not nearly enough.

Commerce and bartering, and the resulting development of money and currency allowed people to specialise. Now a man need not learn how to shoe a horse, as well as build a wall that won’t fall down in the rain. He could spend all his time perfecting a single activity. If he needed any other activities performed, he would simply pay someone to perform it for him, and he in turn would get paid by others to perform his specialised activity. This lead to a rapid advancement in technology, because the activities were all performed by experts who could practice getting remarkably good and quick at what they do, and thus saved even more time for the average person. Commerce brought the world yet another step closer to UTOPIA. A step closer, but still light-years away.

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