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INTRODUCTION



Colchester. England. July 1648 A.D.

In 1645, the civil war between Charles 1, ( for his ‘Divine Right’ to rule without question ) - and Parliament, (tired of his excesses), was thought to be over, for they had influence over most of the cities.



But, in 1648, there was a rising of Royalist landowners and sympathisers in Kent. A small army under Sir George Lisle arrived at Mile End, East London.



After a confrontation, Parliament forces under Sir Thomas Fairfax, chased them into Colchester. Six hundred from both sides were killed at the Abbey entrance before the gate could be shut.

In the days that followed, forty huge cannons - culverins - were brought from the Tower of London to lay siege. And not without difficulty - it was one of the wettest summers in living memory. ( Tell us something new. ) The mainly Royalist Navy was prevented from delivering supplies. The city held out for seventy six days, and had to pay a fine of twenty thousand pounds sterling.



The Parliament supporters created a ballad mocking the defeated Royalists.

A certain Humphrey Thompson was supposedly shot off the highest point of the city, St. Mary’s Church. It symbolised the final Royalist defeat. The legend spread across Europe under various names -

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