The author of this book has released its textual content into the public domain. Therefore this content, or any part of it, may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, used, modified, built upon, or otherwise utilized by anyone for any purpose, commercial or non-commercial, and in any way, including by methods that have not yet been invented. A copy of the full public domain dedication can be found at the end of the book.
Published in March 2009
Where Was Golgotha?
Golgotha is the biblical name for the place where Jesus was crucified. It was probably a small hill just outside the walls of ancient Jerusalem. According to Christian tradition, it was within the area now occupied by the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. But some biblical scholars doubt that this is the correct location.
The name "Golgotha" is derived from the Aramaic word gulgulta. Matthew 27:33 and Mark 15:22 give its meaning as "place of the skull." When Saint Jerome translated these verses into Latin, he used the Latin word for skull, calvaria, which was later converted into the English word Calvary.