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Tropes and Schemes
Stylistic devices to add character to your writing

Tropes and Schemes: Stylistic devices to add character to your writing

By Shruti Chandra

Published by Shruti Chandra at Smashwords

Copyright 2012 Shruti Chandra

Figures of speech are words or phrases that leave their literal meaning for effect. They are used as a writing device for emphasis, concision, clarity, rhythm, novelty, peculiarity, style and so on. Figures of speech is divided into two rhetorical devices known as tropes and schemes.


Trope is a figure of speech in which the use of a word or a phrase other than its literal meaning, changes the meaning of a sentence. The word trope comes from Greek tropos meaning turn. That is, turning the meaning of a sentence another way by the use of a word(s). There are many kinds of tropes in the English language.

Four major kinds of tropes are:

Antanaclasis pun


Irony is a literary device in which the underlying meaning of a statement or a situation is in contrast with what is apparent. The word irony comes from Greek eirOnia in which eirOn means dissembler.

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