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Cameron Graham

Science

Ms. Kleiber

Diabetes Research Paper

Diabetes is a very serious condition, possibly fatal if left unrecognized. 25.8 million people or 8.3% of the population have diabetes in the United States ("Diabetes Statistics," 2011). In the following article, you will learn the symptoms, causes, treatments, and types of diabetes as well as a few interesting facts. Diabetes came from the Greek word, diabainein. People with diabetes either produce too little insulin or their cells become resistant to its action. This then can cause abnormally high levels of blood sugar. This condition is called hyperglycemia ("Research Paper on Diabetes," 2010).

There are several indicators that you may have a type of diabetes. In some people with type one diabetes, their body's immune system started attacking cells. Therefore, their immune system was not protecting against infections and disease. Frequent urination, dry mouth, extreme thirst, weight loss, and increased hunger are all symptoms of type one diabetes. Fatigue, blurred vision, and headaches are all symptoms as well as the ones mentioned above for type two ("Diabetes: Overview and Facts," n.d.) Gestational diabetes does not have any symptoms, therefore it is recommended that you monitor your blood glucose levels regularly throughout pregnancy.

There are several types of diabetes. Perhaps the two most known are type one and type two. In type one diabetes, the body's immune system turns and destroys the cells of the pancreas. If their pancreas is not functioning, their body cannot create insulin which supplies the cells with glucose. Another form of diabetes is type two. Type two diabetes is the most common type. Unlike type one patients, type two patients' bodies make insulin, but not enough or not in a way in which their bodies can absorb. Gestational diabetes occurs only in women. This form of diabetes develops during pregnancy when the women's placenta creates insulin-blocking hormones that circulate throughout the body (Research Paper on Diabetes," 2010). Diabetes insipidus is an uncommon form of diabetes that occurs when the kidneys retain water because of an increased level of a certain hormone. All types of diabetes should be diagnosed and treated promptly.

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