Look Up, Tulsa! A Walking Tour of Tulsa, Oklahoma
by Doug Gelbert
published by Cruden Bay Books at Smashwords
Copyright 2012 by Cruden Bay Books
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system without permission in writing from the Publisher.
There was settlement on the flatlands east of the Arkansas River by the Lochapoka and Creek tribes as early as the 1820s. When Indian Territory was established by the United States government in 1890 there was nothing remarkable about Tulsey Town, as the Creek Indians called it. Tulsa was officially incorporated on January 18, 1898 and as Oklahoma chugged towards statehood there was nothing to suggest the town would expand much beyond the 1,390 people recorded to live there in the 1900 census.
Everything changed on June 25, 1901 when the state’s first commercially viable oil well came in across the river at Red Fork (soon incorporated in the city limits.) In 1905 an even bigger strike was made 15 miles to the south in what became known as Glenn Pool. Texaco built the first oil refinery here in 1910 and Tulsa was on its way to being the “Oil Capital of the World.”