John Stonehouse, Victoria, B.C., Canada

February 2013

Copyright 2013, John Stonehouse; published at

ISBN 978 – 0 – 9881424 – 2 – 8

This e-book is licensed only for your personal use and enjoyment. It may not be resold or given away. If you would like to share it with others, please purchase an additional copy for each recipient. If you are reading this book and did not purchase it, or it was not purchased for your use only, please return to Smashwords ( to purchase your own copy. Thank you for respecting this author’s labours.

The cover design is based on a Microsoft Word template.







A redundancy is an unnecessary word or phrase which qualifies another word. For instance, the term past history is redundant. History is always past and never present or future. (It can, however, be recent or even ancient.) The stilted business-letter expression enclosed herewith is another redundancy that can be replaced by enclosed. Even the common (in North America, at least) off of (as in He jumped off of the bridge) is redundant; it should be replaced by off or sometimes from. The other aspect of wordy English is the use of a long (and sometimes obscure) word when a short, everyday one will do. Is assistance a “better” word than help? Clearly not, and in fact there is nothing wrong with using assistance when help has been perhaps overused in the context. But the word cognizant seems pretentious when the intention is the simpler word aware.

Previous Page Next Page Page 2 of 54