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Apollo; a son of Jupiter he was worshipped as a god of healing, poetry, music, oracles and prophecy. He was also worshipped by Roman farmers as a protector of their animals. He was usually depicted as a handsome young man with luxuriously curly hair. His symbol is the laurel tree and he used a bow to shoot arrows of sickness to those he wished to punish. The first Caesar, Augustus adopted him as his special patron and erected a great temple to him in the heart of Rome.

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Bacchus; a son of Jupiter, a god of wine, fertility and revelry. He was generally depicted as an older man, wide of girth and very merry with ivy entwined in his hair. He could however also be portrayed as a handsome boy, a bull or a goat. The secret rites performed during his worship were called the Bacchanalia. Worship of Bacchus was banned in Rome in 186 BC as the Senate feared public disorder resulting from the licentious festivities of his followers, both male and female. The symbols associated with Bacchus include bunches of grapes, a staff and a wine filled horn.

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Ceres; a sister of Jupiter, she was the god of crops and agriculture who symbolised the cycle of seasons and new life; regeneration after death. Her symbols include ears of corn, barley, poppies and wheat. She was worshipped as one of the oldest of the twelve deities, having her own Flamen and festival, the Cerialia, in her name in the official Roman calendar. Sacrifices to Ceres were made after a funeral as a means of purifying a house.

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