Government and Law
By James Constant
Copyright © 1993,2013 by James Constant
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Table of Contents
GOVERNMENT AND LAW
The early Hebrews believed that Moses (16th? century B.C.), their great lawgiver, received the laws on tablets of stone from their God, Jehovah. The Ten Commandments were of divine origin and Moses was the representative of God. Lycurgus (9th century B.C.) codified the laws of the early Spartans. Among all early peoples the group or state was more important than any member or citizen. The Pythagoreans (5th century B.C.) taught that the individual should subordinate himself to the whole and should act at all times for the good of the state. Democritus (460-370 B.C.) held that the welfare of the state was man's first concern. Only later, coincident with the development of the commercial state and democracy in Athens, did man begin to question the idea of the state.