THE PHILOSOPHIC ROOTS OF MONOTHEISM
Copyright 2001 by Ali Irfan
The territory of theology stretches before us. We are about to embark on a journey through this territory, riding the chariot of rationality with our intellect as our guide and without any excess baggage of preconceptions.
We start our journey with a few simple observations. Thus:
The thing or being on which the existence of another thing or being depends is called a cause.
The thing or being that depends on or owes its existence to something else is called an effect or phenomenon.
The existence of an effect cannot depend on a non-being or nothing or nothingness. This implies that the chain of an effect and its cause should end in a self-existing cause, otherwise it would mean the existence of a being or a thing by a non-being, or naught; the absurdity of which is self-evident.
Causes are of two kinds, the structural and the creative.
The structural causes are the parts and the components of the effect.
The creative or agential causes are the producing or originating factors, bringing the structure into existence but they are not the part of the structure.