MODULE - 1
In the previous lesson, you have studied the meaning and nature of business
transactions and objectives of financial accounting. In order to maintain
uniformity and consistency in preparing and maintaining books of accounts,
certain rules or principles have been evolved. These rules/principles are
classified as concepts and conventions. These are foundations of preparing
and maintaining accounting records. In this lesson we shall learn about
various accounting concepts, their meaning and significance.
After studying this lesson, you will be able to :
explain the term accounting concept;
explain the meaning and significance of various accounting concepts
: Business Entity, Money Measurement, Going Concern, Accounting
Period, Cost Concept, Duality Aspect concept, Realisation Concept,
Accrual Concept and Matching Concept.
2.1 MEANING AND BUSINESS ENTITY CONCEPT
Let us take an example. In India there is a basic rule to be followed by
everyone that one should walk or drive on his/her left hand side of the road.
It helps in the smooth flow of traffic. Similarly, there are certain rules that
an accountant should follow while recording business transactions and
preparing accounts. These may be termed as accounting concept. Thus, this
can be said that :
Accounting concept refers to the basic assumptions and rules and
principles which work as the basis of recording of business transactions
and preparing accounts.
MODULE - 1 Accounting Concepts
The main objective is to maintain uniformity and consistency in accounting
records. These concepts constitute the very basis of accounting. All the
concepts have been developed over the years from experience and thus they
are universally accepted rules. Following are the various accounting