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The oral histories of forty astronauts, engineers and managers for the NASA and the Russian space program provide fascinating insights into the highs and lows of the extraordinary Shuttle-Mir space station program, with hundreds of anecdotes and stories.
The oral histories of thirty-one astronauts, engineers and managers for the NASA and the Russian space program provide fascinating insights into the highs and lows of the extraordinary Shuttle-Mir space station program, with hundreds of anecdotes and stories.
As part of the NASA Oral History Project, three key figures in the development of ballistic missiles were interviewed: Ruben F. Mettler, Ballistic Missile Engineer; Simon Ramo, Co-founder TRW, Inc. (primary contractor to U.S. Air Force for ballistic missiles); and famous General Bernard A. Schriever, Commander, U.S. Air Force Western Development/ Ballistic Missile Division.
The oral histories of fourteen engineers and managers for the NASA Orion crew capsule program provide fascinating insights into the highs and lows of the extraordinary program, with hundreds of anecdotes and stories. Each history provides unique information about the specialty of the individual.
The 2014 crisis in Ukraine presents an opportunity to evaluate public health planning support for a nation experiencing armed conflict. Historical evidence supports the findings of mortality, tuberculosis, and cholera as appropriate metrics to define the state of public health planning support for a given nation.
This qualitative analysis used in-depth interviewing to gain a perspective of the perceived benefits and disadvantages of the current OPCON relationship with USTRANSCOM, as well as two proposed alternative OPCON relationships: GCC operational control and service component retention of operation control.
The films reveal a tempering of the bravado and hypermasculinity promulgated in the earlier eighties and depict a more nuanced performance of masculinity. The study provides insight into the role masculinity plays in society and, specifically, the military, and provides a contextual framework for analyzing masculinity in film.
The size and complexity of the U.S. Border Patrol (USBP) is dramatically different today than it was only two decades ago. Whereas the USBP was traditionally focused on enforcement of immigration and customs laws, after 9-11 it adopted an all-threats approach to border security with the primary mission of preventing terrorism.
Looking at four case studies, this study finds that while the existing theories do not account for some acts of aggression and limited deterrence failures, deterrence theory in general is still applicable to the current and future strategic environment.
The efficient use of information will serve to set the tone for unified action against threat groups and adversaries. National leadership must clearly express the national strategic direction for all governmental, military, non-governmental, private sector organizations, and others to follow.
Why did the observations of the Delafield commission to the Crimea War (1855-1856) and Lieutenant General Sheridan's expedition to the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871) have little to no influence on the United States Army?
Using ongoing missions in Africa as a case study, this research seeks to answer the question: is the United States Government pursuing an effective strategy for building security cooperation capacity within its partners and allies on the African Continent? It will pursue an answer to this question by first considering the current security cooperation missions being conducted in Africa.
The United States needs overarching federal guidance on witness protection for human trafficking victims/witnesses in order to enhance their safety and participation in prosecuting their traffickers. The international response predicates itself on a victim-centered approach that works along four distinct efforts to combat the problem: Prevention; Protection; Prosecution; and Partnership.
This study examines General George Washington and the establishment of American civil-military relations with respect to the principles of the Declaration of Independence to emphasize Washington's struggle to balance military necessities with the supremacy of law and government by consent.
This study assesses the institutional domain of leader development in relation to cyberspace education and the implications of poorly integrating cyberspace into leader development. Cyberspace plays an integral role in communications, information, electricity, economics, and our nation's defense.
One of the fundamental struggles of U.S. conflicts in the post-World War II era continues to be how to utilize the military instrument of national power as a way to influence people and populations in order to achieve national objectives. There is ever increasing reliance on Humanitarian and Civic Assistance (HCA), specifically engineering civic assistance projects (ENCAPs).
This study examines the development of the U.S. military's approach to landmine warfare, from its earliest beginnings in the first half of the 1800s to the modern era. It addresses both technological innovation, in response to new enemy tactics, as well as shifts in doctrine. Examining different eras, it explores the way soldiers improvised employment methods and leaders shifted doctrine.
U.S. Navy Information Dominance (ID) continues to rely on the collection of as much information as possible from the electromagnetic and cyber domains to conduct operations. However, with the increase in organic sensor data along with access to information that was currently outside Navy channels, data overload threatens the ability of the Navy to perform real time analysis.
Within the next 5 to 10 years commercial corporations will begin exploratory mining operations on asteroids orbiting the earth. While this is a huge leap forward in human development and technological advancement, current national regulation and law providing mining rights in space do not exist.
Militarized Maneuver Terrorism (MMT) is an evolving tactic posing a direct threat to the perception of security in the United States. Militarized Maneuver Terrorists MMTs are multiple (more than two) highly trained individuals, well-armed and capable of executing planned and coordinated attacks.
American military historians have identified a trend in the US Army to start wars unprepared and ultimately emerge victorious having improved along the way. The War of 1812 set the standard in showing up unprepared, learning in early defeat, and emerging with a valid claim of martial competence.
This research explores implications to operational readiness, combat effectiveness and group cohesion gender integration may pose to Army SF ODAs. Historical accounts of women in the Office of Strategic Services are considered, and gender integration of combat jobs and special operations forces of foreign militaries are discussed.
This study explores the impact that crucible experiences have on leadership and leader development. This impact is specifically applied against the effects, both positive and negative, of implementing a crucible experience within Intermediate-Level Education across all military services within the Department of Defense.
The study critically analyzes the relationship between a nonviolent mass movement's ability to create and manage a favorable image and the movement's success or failure. Movements create and manage their brand image through the process of presenting a positive image of the organization and its message to key target audiences.
The Military Assistance Command, Vietnam-Studies and Observations Group was created in 1963 as the result of President John F. Kennedy's strong desire to conduct an unconventional war against the communist regime in North Vietnam. First tasked to the Central Intelligence Agency, the mission was assigned to the Department of Defense in 1962.
Transnational crime is a recognized threat to national security, mostly due to their relation to terrorist organizations. The President has called for a Whole of Government approach to combatting the threat from Transnational Organized Crime (TOC).
Over the last thirteen years, the world saw an increased use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) by violent extremists and terrorist groups. Due to the simplicity and availability of IED making material, any willing person with limited knowledge can make IEDs.
There were two major undertakings led by the United States, first the Dawes Plan which balanced the German budget and stabilized the currency, and second the Young Plan which attempted to establish a final amount of reparations that Germany was required to pay. Throughout this process, the United States maintained control over European war debt.
Climate change, ethnic tensions, crushing poverty, and extremist organizations rank among the most pressing issues facing the Sahel. These challenges can interact and exacerbate each other in unpredictable ways. Recent examples include the 2012 military led coup in Mali, and the increasingly violent campaign waged by Boko Haram in Nigeria and surrounding countries.
This study examines the development of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) understanding within the United States Military. The study follows the progression of PTSD from its roots as the concept of WWI shell-shock, through WWII, Korea, Vietnam, and finally the Global War on Terror (GWOT) to its current definition. Additionally, this study examines the impact of the home-front environment.
Since 2009, Boko Haram has waged a campaign of terror in Nigeria that has resulted in over 10,000 fatalities and threatens the security and stability of West Africa. Boko Haram has stated its objective as the creation of an Islamic State in Nigeria governed by a puritanical form of Salafist Islam.
This study examines the U.S. Counterterrorism Strategy and National Security Strategy in regards to combating adversaries driven by radical ideologies. This study focuses on Al-Qaeda and The Islamic State's strategic campaigns to propagate their radical Islamist ideology and the spread of violent extremism.
This study first shows through a survey of the existing neuroscientific literature dealing with the human brain's processing of music that music is the ideal medium for communicating these messages to the public. The study then offers a new model for a measure of effectiveness of Army music by examining a four-year collection of e-mail.
The contributions of patrol aviation during World War II as the long-range patrol and reconnaissance arm of the U.S. Navy are well documented, but the development of its origins remain historically under-examined. The goal of this study is to perform an historical investigation of the influential forces that shaped the development of patrol aviation.
Social media has become an accepted form of communication in society including the U.S. Army. Currently U.S. Army units of all sizes have their own social media pages on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, or a combination of all three sites.
In order to successfully address toxic leadership, the Army must also understand the contributions that followers make toward that toxicity. This research seeks to identify what influence toxic followers have on military operations, so the Army can address followership in a way that is equal to leadership.
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) mission is to fulfill our nation's enduring commitment to Veterans. The VA recently faced crises and is currently undergoing a transformation. As a result, one of VA's top priorities is regaining the trust of the Nation's Veterans, Service Members, and the public.
This study presents a comparative analysis between active measures and the current U.S. doctrinal framework of UW in order to develop a better common understanding of an irregular strategy increasingly evident in the contemporary operational environment on the part of both state and non-state adversaries.
In response to 9/11 and Hurricane Katrina, there were a number of shortfalls that surfaced in interagency coordination and jurisdictional boundaries such as poor information sharing, confused relationships, unclear understanding of roles and responsibilities and leadership challenges.
This research looked at the Army's command philosophy of mission command and analyzed the current doctrine that outlines how leaders should instill mission command within their organizations. In doing so, this research examined the Army's plans and processes for implementing mission command through the lens of a well-respected scholarly model of organizational change.
This study examines the relationship between emotional intelligence competencies and the attributes and core competencies required of an Army leader. A clear understanding of the emotional intelligence requirements that Army leader's use in the act of leading creates a more balanced and comprehensive illustration of Army leader requirements.
This study compares the differences and similarities between the U.S. Army's Mission Command philosophy and the decentralized "Starfish" philosophy as applied to a decentralized combat environment. The Attack on the Ranch House battle that took place in Afghanistan provides a prime example of the execution of Mission Command.
Using three regionally diverse examples, this study proposes that the Civil Military Engagements (CME) program, within the Civil Affairs (CA) Regiment, provides SOF an optimal solution to achieve its long-term objectives in undergoverned areas.
Aviation intelligence is critical to the success of the Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF). For the last quarter of a century, Marine aviation has not faced a serious enemy challenge in the skies and has operated with relative freedom of maneuver.
This study will examine whether removing commanders from the military justice process will affect the United States military's status as a profession. Chapter 2 includes a survey of existing literature on the elements of a profession, the military's status as a profession, and the arguments for and against commander involvement in the military justice process.
The Army Reserve is a viable formation that can successfully contribute to the optimization of performance in every Soldier and leader through innovation and investment in education, training, and leader development as presented in the Force 2025 and Beyond strategy.
The majority of the international natural disaster relief operations that the U.S. Government responds to are led by the United States Agency for International Development's Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance. One of the leading issues of the study examines the inter-working relationships and coordination efforts regarding seamless humanitarian logistics from prepositioned sites.
This is a historical case study of the Sino-Vietnamese War of 1979. In February 1979, China, under Deng Xiaoping's leadership, launched a ground war against the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. After three weeks of combat using mainly ground forces, the Chinese secured their operational objectives, then quickly withdrew.
This study reviewed professional articles from several industries as well as CGSOC history in order to gain appreciation for the concepts dealing with preparatory courses. This study also evaluated student and faculty responses to a survey regarding the preparatory curriculum's effectiveness.