Scriptural Research Institute

Series

Apocalypses of Ezra
In the early centuries of the Christian era, several texts called the Apocalypse of Ezra were in circulation among Jews and Christians. The original is believed to have been written in Hebrew, Aramaic, or Syriac, and is commonly known as the Jewish Apocalypse of Ezra. This version was translated into Greek sometime before 200 AD and circulated widely within the early Christian churches. This book claimed that the prophet Ezra wrote 240 books, and its popularity seems to have inspired several ‘Christian’ Apocalypses of Ezra, presumably beginning with the ‘Latin’ Apocalypse of Ezra which claimed to be the “second book of the prophet Ezra.” This prophet Ezra is not the scribe Ezra from the Jewish scriptures, but a prophet named Ezra that lived centuries earlier.
Greek Apocalypse of Ezra
Price: $0.99 USD.
Latin Apocalypse of Ezra
Price: $2.99 USD.
Vision of Ezra
Price: $0.99 USD.
Ugaritic Texts
The Ugaritic Texts are ancient tablets that were recovered from archaeological digs at the ruins of Ugarit, a bronze-age city in northwest Syria, at the foot of the mountain Jebel Aqra on the modern Syrian-Turkish border. The Ugaritic language was closely related to the later Canaanite language, and subsequent Aramaic and Hebrew languages, however, its script was unique. The Ugaritic script was an early alphabet, however, used the wedge shapes from the cuneiform scripts. Several abecedaries have been found in the ruins of Ugarit. Thanks to the existence of the Ugaritic abecedaries, and the fact that they follow both the letter sequence of both the later Canaanite and Sabaean scripts, it is fairly easy to convert the script into Canaanite (or its modern Hebrew), and Sabaean (or its descendant Arabic), and compare the words to the modern and historic Semitic words. Therefore, most of the texts are translatable, however, some words appear to be loanwords from other languages.
Septuagint
In the mid-3rd century BC, King Ptolemy II Philadelphus of Egypt ordered a translation of the ancient Israelite texts for the Library of Alexandria, which resulted in the creation of the Septuagint. The original version, published circa 250 BC, only included the Torah, or in Greek terms, the Pentateuch. The Torah is the five books traditionally credited to Moses, circa 1500 BC: Cosmic Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.  The first edition was followed by the second around 225 BC, which added the books of Joshua, Judges, and Ruth, which was later known as the Octateuch. Over the following century, dozens of additional Judean, Samaritan, and Moabite books were translated into Greek and added to the collection, forming the earliest surviving collection of Iron Age Canaanite literature.  After the Maccabean Revolt in the mid-2nd century BC, the Hasmonean dynasty published a second translation of most of the books I'm the Septuagint, however, their translation was in Hebrew, the national language of the newly independent kingdom of Judea. One of their complaints regarding the Septuagint  was that the Greeks made it from the common Aramaic versions of the texts.
Septuagint - Exodus
Price: $5.99 USD.
Septuagint - Leviticus
Price: $3.99 USD.
Septuagint - Numbers
Price: $6.99 USD.
Septuagint - Deuteronomy
Price: $5.99 USD.
Septuagint - Joshua
Price: $3.99 USD.
Memories of the New Kingdom
The New Kingdom era of Egyptian history emerged from the darkness of the Second Intermediate Period, when the Theban dynasty drove out the Hyksos from Egypt, and went on the conquer Canaan, and Nubia. The fall of Hyksos dynasty appears to have been largely as a result of the Minoan eruption in Greece, which darkened the sky of Egypt and blanketed northern Egypt with up to 2 meters (6 feet) in ash. The Tempest Stele from Karnak described the effects of the storm reaching all the war to southern Egypt during the era of Ahmose I, the Pharaoh that ultimately drove the Hyksos from Egypt. This period of destruction was shortly before Ahmose I launched his successful invasion of Northern Egypt and captured the Hyksos capital of Avaris. The Autobiography of Ahmose Pen-Ebana covers many of the early battles that forged the Egyptian New Kingdom, including the Battle of Avaris, and the subsequent Battle of Sharuhen a few years later, which resulted in Egypt taking control over the entire former Hyksos dominion. Ahmose Pen-Ebana is often described as an Egyptian Admiral, however, his career in the Egyptian navy encompassed decades under the service of a series of Pharaohs, including Ahmose I,
Books of Enoch and Metatron
The five books of Enoch are a collection of books written in Semitic languages, and often grouped together as the ‘Book of Enoch,’ or ‘1st Enoch.’ The books were likely written at different points in time and different Semitic languages. The first book was the Book of the Watchers, which is generally considered to be the oldest book in the collection, however, the age of the book is debated. The book is now known to have originated long before Christianity since the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, however, was lost for well over a thousand years to Europeans, and assumed to be a Christian-era work when the Europeans rediscovered it in Ethiopia. The five books of Enoch only survive in Ge’ez, the classical language of Ethiopia, however, do not survive intact, and some sections of text do not survive. Other books attributed to Enoch, include the Secrets of Enoch, which is also called the 2nd Book of Enoch, however, is not the same text as the Semitic 2nd Book of Enoch. Another text attributed to Enoch is the Apocalypse of Metatron.
Testaments of the Patriarchs
In the early Christian era, many Testaments of the Patriarchs circulated in Jewish and Christian communities, the foremost being the Testaments of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. The other major testaments were grouped together as the Testaments of the Twelve, which included the Testaments of Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Joseph, and Benjamin. These testaments were widely accepted by the early Christian churches, and continue to form part of the Armenian Bible. The books were popular in Western Europe during the Middle Ages when they were generally considered authentic ancient Jewish texts. The current academic view is that there was a simpler Hebrew Jewish version that was then updated in the early Christian era by Greek speakers that added the Christian prophesies.
Testament of Adam
Price: $2.99 USD.
1st Testament of Abraham
Price: $2.99 USD.
2nd Testament of Abraham
Price: $2.99 USD.
Testament of Isaac
Price: $2.99 USD.
Testament of Jacob
Price: $2.99 USD.
Testament of Reuben
Price: $2.99 USD.
The Life of Adam and Eve
The Life of Adam and Eve is believed to have originally been written in Aramaic, sometime during the Second Temple Era, however, no Aramaic copies exist today. It was very popular in the Early Christian era, and quoted by the Apostle Paul, however, never ended up in the Christian Bibles as it was not in the Septuagint, the old Greek translation of the Jewish scriptures done at the Library of Alexandria between 300 and 132 BC. Various versions of the Life of Adam and Eve survive, in Greek, Latin, Armenian, Old Slavonic, and Georgian, and additional works are believed to have been inspired by it, such as the Cave of Treasures, and the Conflict of Adam and Eve with Satan. The Life of Adam and Eve, had influenced both Christianity and Islam, although it is rarely read by either Christians or Muslims today.
Apocalypse of Moses
Price: $2.99 USD.
Life of Adam and Eve
Price: $2.99 USD.
Penitence of Adam
Price: $2.99 USD.
Book of Eve
Price: $2.99 USD.
Book of Adam
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Books

Hebrew Maccabees
Price: $2.99 USD. Words: 29,900. Language: English. Published: January 17, 2024 . Categories: Nonfiction » Biography » Historical biography, Nonfiction » History » Jewish
Hebrew Maccabees is one of the stranger Hebrew books to have survived to the present and is either a relic the oldest surviving book about Judas the Hammer, or a remarkably heretical medieval forgery. There is no academic consensus on what it is, and few scholars have bothered to comment on it.
Arabic Maccabees
Price: $4.99 USD. Words: 46,130. Language: English. Published: January 2, 2024 . Categories: Fiction » Christian » Historical, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings
Arabic Maccabees is the longest surviving book of Maccabees, however, does not appear to have originated as a book of Maccabees, but a pseudo-history book of the independent Kingdom of Judea from the Maccabean Revolt through the death of Herod the Great. The book concludes by claiming the story of Herod’s son Antipater in the book the author had previously written.
Syriac Apocalypse of Ezra and the Arabic Apocalypse of Daniel
Price: $3.99 USD. Words: 33,340. Language: English. Published: October 18, 2023 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Prophecy, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / History
The longer anti-Islamic Syriac Apocalypse of Ezra must originate much later than the pre-Islamic Arabic Apocalypse of Daniel, nevertheless, has much more content, most of which appears to have been composed in Neo-Babylonian sometime between 597 and 592 BC.
Vision of Ezra
Series: Apocalypses of Ezra. Price: $0.99 USD. Words: 5,150. Language: American English. Published: September 24, 2023 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Prophecy
The Vision of Ezra appears to be either a prequel to the Greek Apocalypse, or possibly another reworking of material that served as a basis for both works. In the Vision, Ezra is taken on a tour of the underworld by angels of Tartarus and then is taken to heaven where he begs for mercy for those in the underworld.
The Life of Harkhuf
Price: $0.99 USD. Words: 8,920. Language: English. Published: December 24, 2021 . Categories: Nonfiction » History » Ancient » Egypt, Nonfiction » History » Middle East / Egypt
The life of Harkhuf is one of the better-documented lives from the era of the Old Kingdom era of Egyptian history. Harkhuf lived during the reigns of kings Merenre I and Pepi II of the 6th Dynasty, at the same time as the more famous Weni, whom he may have mentioned in his autobiography. Like Weni, he is primarily known from the inscriptions on his tomb.
The Life of Weni
Price: $0.99 USD. Words: 7,520. Language: American English. Published: October 25, 2021 . Categories: Nonfiction » History » Middle East / Egypt, Nonfiction » History » Ancient » Egypt
The life of Weni, also called Uni, is one of the best-documented lives from the era of the Old Kingdom era of Egyptian history. Weni experienced significant upward mobility during the reigns of kings Teti, Userkare, Pepi I, and Merenre I, and as a result had a second tomb prepared for himself later in life, resulting in two of his tombs surviving to the present.
Tale of Sinuhe
Price: $1.99 USD. Words: 11,860. Language: American English. Published: October 19, 2021 . Categories: Nonfiction » History » Ancient » Egypt, Nonfiction » History » Middle East / Egypt
The Tale of Sinuhe, also called the Story of Sanhat, is one of the most popular stories that has survived to the present from the Egyptian Middle Kingdom. Dozens of fragments of copies have been found, which is unusual and speaks volumes of how popular it was in the Middle Kingdom. Egyptologists are divided on how much of it is fictional, with some claiming it is a historical text.
Ugaritic Texts - Pertaining to Keret
Series: Ugaritic Texts. Price: $3.49 USD. Words: 10,770. Language: American English. Published: October 9, 2021 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Ancient, Nonfiction » History » Middle East
Pertaining to Keret, also called the Legend of Keret, or the Epic of Keret is a collection of three tablets recovered from archaeological digs in the 1920s and 1930s at the ruins of Ugarit, a bronze-age city in northwest Syria, at the foot of the mountain Jebel Aqra on the modern Syrian-Turkish border. They date to Late-Bronze Era, specifically estimated to sometime around 1350 BC.
Septuagint - Daniel (Chisianus Version)
Series: Septuagint. Price: $5.99 USD. Words: 65,460. Language: American English. Published: September 19, 2021 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Prophets
The Old Greek translation was the version originally in the Septuagint, however, the authenticity and accuracy of any and all versions of the Book of Daniel have always been in doubt. The Codex Chisianus (also known as the Chigi Manuscript 88) is accepted as being the closest to the Old Greek translation. It claims to be a copy of the Christian scholar Origen of Alexandria's recension.
Septuagint - Daniel (Vaticanus Version)
Series: Septuagint. Price: $5.49 USD. Words: 58,810. Language: American English. Published: September 5, 2021 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Prophets
The Book of Daniel is by far the least standardized of all the books that made it into both the Septuagint and the Masoretic Text, with no less than 16 versions surviving from the classical and early medieval eras. The Septuagint manuscripts contain two versions, the standard version found in most manuscripts, and the 'Old Greek' version, which only survives in Codex Chisianus.
Tale of the Shipwrecked Sailor
Price: $0.99 USD. Words: 6,740. Language: American English. Published: August 6, 2021 . Categories: Nonfiction » History » Middle East / Egypt, Nonfiction » History » Ancient » Egypt
The Tale of the Shipwrecked Sailor is the earliest known surviving story of a shipwrecked sailor, and as such is the forerunner of many stories of nautical adventure encountering strange magical creatures, from Homer's Odyssey to Sinbad the Sailor. In a broader sense, it is generally considered the oldest piece of Egyptian fiction to survive to the present. Only one copy has been found to date.
Ugaritic Texts - Pertaining to Aqhat
Series: Ugaritic Texts. Price: $3.49 USD. Words: 13,830. Language: American English. Published: July 10, 2021 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Ancient, Nonfiction » History » Middle East
Pertaining to Aqhat, also called the Danel Epic, or The Tale of Aqhat, is a collection of three tablets recovered from archaeological digs in the 1920s and 1930s at the ruins of Ugarit, a bronze-age city in northwest Syria, at the foot of the mountain Jebel Aqra on the modern Syrian-Turkish border. They date to Late-Bronze Era, specifically estimated to sometime around 1350 BC.
Septuagint's Ezekiel and the Ba'al Cycle
Price: $9.99 USD. Words: 102,110. Language: American English. Published: June 29, 2021 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Ancient
The Book of Ezekiel is certainly one of the strangest books to survive from antiquity and has been the source of much speculation throughout centuries, by Jews, Christians, and atheists alike. The Septuagint uses the strange title Lord Lord through the first 39 chapters, meaning that Ezekiel’s god was Ba‘al, the Canaanite god of thunder, whose holy mountain was Mount Zephon.
Septuagint - Ezekiel
Series: Septuagint. Price: $5.99 USD. Words: 65,320. Language: American English. Published: June 27, 2021 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Prophecy, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings
The Book of Ezekiel is certainly one of the strangest books to survive from antiquity and has been the source of much speculation throughout centuries, by Jews, Christians, and atheists alike. Ezekiel's opening vision, of the flying machine, was the source of an entire branch of Jewish literature, Merkabah mysticism. Merkabah, which translates as 'chariot,' developed during the Second Temple era.
Ugaritic Texts - Ba'al Cycle
Price: $5.99 USD. Words: 37,680. Language: American English. Published: May 31, 2021 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Ancient, Nonfiction » History » Middle East
The Ba‘al Cycle, or Ba‘al Saga, is a collection of stories about Ba‘al Hadad, the supreme god of the Canaanite pantheon in the late bronze age. The Ugaritic Texts are ancient tablets that were recovered from archaeological digs at the ruins of Ugarit, a bronze-age city in northwest Syria, at the foot of the mountain Jebel Aqra on the modern Syrian-Turkish border.
Ugaritic Texts - Ba'al Defeats Mot
Series: Ugaritic Texts. Price: $3.49 USD. Words: 16,420. Language: American English. Published: May 31, 2021 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Ancient, Nonfiction » History » Middle East
Ba‘al Defeats Mot, also called the Death of Ba‘al, is the final section of the Ba‘al Cycle, a collection of ancient stories about the Canaanite god Hadad. The Ba‘al Cycle is generally divided into several sections, based on the groupings of the tablets that were discovered, however, this series of translations is divided into just two sections, Victorious Ba‘al, and Ba‘al Defeats Mot.
Ugaritic Texts - Victorious Ba'al
Series: Ugaritic Texts. Price: $3.99 USD. Words: 23,660. Language: American English. Published: May 22, 2021 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Ancient, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Antiquities & Archaeology
The Victorious Ba‘al is the first section of the Ba‘al Cycle, a collection of ancient stories about the Canaanite god Hadad. The term Ba‘al in the Ugaritic Texts, meaning ‘lord’ or ‘master,’ is the equivalent of the Akkadian belu, Canaanite b‘l, Sabaean b‘l, Aramaic ba‘la, Hebrew b‘l, Syriac ba'la, Arabic ba‘l, and Ge‘ez bal.
Vetus Latina - Esther
Price: $2.99 USD. Words: 24,030. Language: American English. Published: April 23, 2021 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / History & Culture, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings
The Vetus Latina is a collection of Latin language translations of the ancient Israelite texts, mainly based on the Greek language Septuagint translation. Not all of the Vetus Latina books were translated from the Septuagint though, as some were translated from versions of the ancient texts that do not otherwise survive to the present, including the Vetus Latina Book of Esther.
Septuagint - Tobit (Sinaiticus Version)
Series: Septuagint. Price: $1.99 USD. Words: 19,060. Language: American English. Published: February 25, 2021 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Old Testament, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings
The Book of Tobit appears to be from an older sect of Judaism, likely the one led by the 'false priest' Tobiah, who was expelled from the temple by Ezra when his genealogy could not be proven in 2nd Ezra. 2nd Ezra was the version of Ezra used by the Pharisee sect which emerged under the Hasmonean Dynasty, while Tobit, along with Enoch, Jubilees, and Job appears to have been used by the Essenes.
Septuagint - Baruch
Series: Septuagint. Price: $2.99 USD. Words: 11,040. Language: American English. Published: February 13, 2021 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Prophets
The Book of Baruch was likely added to the Septuagint sometime before 165 BC, as it does not appear to have been influenced by the Hasmonean redaction found in the Masoretic Texts and the Dead Sea Scrolls. It was ignored entirely by Simon the Zealot, likely because there was no way to get around the fact that Baruch’s God was the Sun.
Septuagint - Jeremiah
Series: Septuagint. Price: $5.49 USD. Words: 55,800. Language: American English. Published: February 4, 2021 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Prophets, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings
The Book of Jeremiah was likely added to the Septuagint sometime before 165 BC, as it does not appear to have been influenced by the Hasmonean redaction found in the Masoretic Texts and the Dead Sea Scrolls. The Book of Jeremiah is one of the least standardized texts of the Septuagint, with more than one Greek translation surviving, and not all copies of the Septuagint using the same version.
The Amarna Letters
Price: $2.99 USD. Words: 27,820. Language: American English. Published: January 5, 2021 . Categories: Nonfiction » History » Ancient » Egypt, Nonfiction » History » Middle East / Egypt
The Amarna Letters are a collection of clay tablets found in the ruins of El Amarna, Egypt, in the 1880s. The city of El Amarna was built by the Pharaoh Akhenaten, during his religious reforms in the 1340s BC, but was then abandoned after he died and Egypt reverted to worshiping the old gods.
Septuagint - Isaiah
Series: Septuagint. Price: $5.49 USD. Words: 53,660. Language: American English. Published: November 19, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Old Testament, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings
According to the Book of Isaiah, he lived during the reigns of several Judahite Kings including Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, spanning the late 700s and early 600s BC, working as a prophet for possibly more than 80 years. The Jerusalem and Babylonian Talmuds both report that he was killed by King Manasseh, who ruled between 687 and 643 BC, however, the stories differ somewhat.
Biography of Ramesses III
Series: Memories of the New Kingdom. Price: $0.99 USD. Words: 6,620. Language: American English. Published: November 13, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » History » Middle East / Egypt, Nonfiction » History » Ancient » Egypt
Ramesses III was the king of Egypt between circa 1186 and 1155 BC, after inheriting the throne from his father Setnakhte, the founder of the 20th Dynasty. Setnakhte had seized power after the previous Pharaoh Queen Twosret died at the end of the 19th dynasty. It is unclear if he was descended from the royal family, however, he refused to recognize the kingship of either Twosret or her predecessor.
Dream Stele of Thutmose IV
Series: Memories of the New Kingdom. Price: $0.99 USD. Words: 2,310. Language: American English. Published: November 13, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » History » Ancient » Egypt, Nonfiction » History » Middle East / Egypt
Thutmose IV inherited the New Kingdom at its peak, when his father Amenhotep II died. Amenhotep II had likewise inherited a strong empire from his father Thutmose III, and had organized a peace treaty with the Mitanni Empire to the north. He is most famous for his activities at the great sphinx of Giza, and the Dream Stele he erected beneath its head.
The Life of Thutmose III
Series: Memories of the New Kingdom. Price: $0.99 USD. Words: 8,970. Language: American English. Published: November 13, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » History » Ancient » Egypt, Nonfiction » History » Middle East / Egypt
Thutmose III was the king of Egypt between circa 1458 and 1425 BC, after inheriting the throne from his father Thutmose II and his aunt Hatshepsut, however, after Hatshepsut died Thutmose III claimed to have been the king of Egypt throughout Hatshepsut’s reign, meaning his regal years began circa 1479 BC when his father Thutmose II died.
Autobiography of Thoth the Nobleman
Series: Memories of the New Kingdom. Price: $0.99 USD. Words: 4,190. Language: American English. Published: November 13, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » History » Ancient » Egypt, Nonfiction » History » Middle East / Egypt
Thoth the Nobleman was a herald of Queen Hatshepsut and her young son Thutmose III, who seems to have died while she was still ruling Egypt, as his autobiography refers to her as the King of Egypt. After she died, Thutmose III tried to remove all records of her being king, although she was still mentioned in newly written biographies as the 'divine wife' and 'chief royal wife' of Thutmose II.
Inscription of Thutmose II
Series: Memories of the New Kingdom. Price: $0.99 USD. Words: 1,880. Language: American English. Published: November 13, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » History » Ancient » Egypt, Nonfiction » History » Middle East / Egypt
Thutmose II was the king of Egypt between approximately 1493 and 1479 BC, after inheriting the throne from his father Thutmose I. It is believed he was 17 years old when his father died, and he became king, however, did not partake in the expedition to Kush to suppress the rebellion that year. The Inscription of Tuthmose II's campaign into Nubia to crush the rebelling Nubians in 1493 BC.
Autobiography of Ahmose pen-Nekhbet
Series: Memories of the New Kingdom. Price: $0.99 USD. Words: 2,970. Language: American English. Published: November 13, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » History » Middle East / Egypt, Nonfiction » History » Ancient » Egypt
Ahmose pen-Nekhbet was a major figure during the early years of the New Kingdom, who, like his contemporary Ahmose pen-Ebana, appears to have been from the city of El Kab, where his tomb was found. His autobiography is much shorter than pen-Ebana’s autobiography, however, is also far more damaged. This translation follows the general reconstruction that most Egyptologists agree on.
Autobiography of Ahmose pen-Ebana
Series: Memories of the New Kingdom. Price: $0.99 USD. Words: 4,950. Language: American English. Published: November 13, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » History » Ancient » Egypt, Nonfiction » History » Middle East / Egypt
Ahmose pen-Ebana was a major figure in the battles that forged Egypt’s empire during the New Kingdom era, in the late-1500 BC. According to his autobiography, he fought in the Battle of Avaris (circa 1550 BC), when the Theban Dynasty overthrew the Hyksos Dynasty, and then he fought at the Battle of Sharuhen a few years later, in which the last of the Hyksos Dynasty was destroyed.
Book of Shadrach
Price: $2.99 USD. Words: 8,780. Language: American English. Published: October 10, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Prophets, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings
The Book of Shadrach appears to be the oldest book of the ancient Samarian prophets, written between 880 and 870 BC. The Book of Shadrach predicts the fall of the Egyptian and Assyrian Empires, meaning they must have still been around at the time, as well as the coming of the prophet ‘Elijah the Tishbite,’ who was the prophet Elijah the Masoretic books of Kings and Diḇrê Hayyāmîm.
Memories of the New Kingdom Collection
Price: $5.99 USD. Words: 27,870. Language: American English. Published: October 3, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » History » Ancient » Egypt, Nonfiction » History » Middle East / Egypt
The New Kingdom era of Egyptian history emerged from the darkness of the Second Intermediate Period, when the Theban dynasty drove out the Hyksos from Egypt, and went on the conquer Canaan and Nubia. The collapse of the Hyksos dynasty appears to have been largely as a result of the Minoan eruption in Greece, which darkened the sky of Egypt and blanketed northern Egypt with up to 2 meters of ash.
Letter of Aristeas and the Pithom Stele
Price: $3.99 USD. Words: 27,610. Language: American English. Published: September 25, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Old Testament
In the mid-3rd century BC, King Ptolemy II Philadelphus of Egypt ordered a translation of the ancient Hebrew scriptures for the Library of Alexandria, which resulted in the creation of the Septuagint. The Letter of Aristeas, also called the Letter to Philocrates, was written by someone who claimed to have been part of the events that created the original translation of the Septuagint.
Voyage of Wenamen
Price: $0.99 USD. Words: 8,120. Language: American English. Published: September 16, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » History » Ancient » Egypt, Nonfiction » History » Middle East / Egypt
The story of the Voyage of Wenamen, also called the Report of Wenamen, or the Misadventures of Wenamen, is considered one of the earliest surviving adventure tales. Unlike many of their neighboring cultures, the Egyptians did not write historical narratives, the text must have started as an autobiography of Wenamen circa 1065 BC.
Dodeka - Book of the Prophets
Price: $24.99 USD. Words: 68,760. Language: American English. Published: September 13, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Prophets, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings
In the mid-3rd century BC, King Ptolemy II Philadelphus of Egypt ordered a translation of the ancient Hebrew scriptures for the Library of Alexandria, which resulted in the creation of the Septuagint, as well as several other books of Jewish and Samaritan scriptures, including the Book of Enoch, Book of Job, Testaments of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and the Dodeka.
Septuagint - Malachi
Series: Septuagint. Price: $2.99 USD. Words: 8,190. Language: American English. Published: September 3, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Prophets
The Book of Malachi is the most curious and debated of the Books of the Twelve minor prophets, as the name Malachi (מלאכי) simply means 'angelic' in Hebrew, and the Greek translation used the word angel (ἀγγέλου) in the Septuagint. Most Jewish and Christian denominations do treat the word as the name of a prophet, however, the prophet Malachi was never mentioned by any other prophet or Ezra.
Octateuch - The Original Orit
Price: $29.99 USD. Words: 355,450. Language: American English. Published: August 31, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Old Testament, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings
In the mid 3ʳᵈ century BC, King Ptolemy II Philadelphus of Egypt ordered a translation of the ancient Israelite texts for the Library of Alexandria, which resulted in the creation of the Septuagint. The first edition was followed by the second, around 225 BC which included the Torah and the books of Joshua, Judges, and Ruth, which was later known as the Octateuch, or Orit.
Septuagint - Ruth
Series: Septuagint. Price: $0.99 USD. Words: 9,730. Language: American English. Published: August 31, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Old Testament
The setting of the Ruth is the lands of Judah and Moab in the early-1000s BC, when the Book of Judges claimed there was no king. The last judge under the Pelesets in the books of Judges was Samson's father Manoah, who ruled until 1090 BC when the Peleset Kingdom apparently collapsed.
Septuagint - Judges
Series: Septuagint. Price: $4.99 USD. Words: 43,500. Language: American English. Published: August 30, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Old Testament
The Book of Judges itself is very old, and the Song of Deborah may be the oldest surviving piece of Israelite literature. It uses some of the most archaic forms of Hebrew, and was likely composed in Canaanite before Hebrew became a defined dialect as this issue of dialect was part of the division between the Israelites during the battle between the Gileadites and the Ephraimites.
Septuagint - Zachariah
Series: Septuagint. Price: $3.49 USD. Words: 12,550. Language: English. Published: August 23, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Prophets, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings
The Book of Zachariah is set in the years 421 through 420 BC, years 2 and 3 of King Darius II of the Persian Empire. Most scholars accept that the first eight chapters of Zachariah were written shortly after 421 BC at the same time as Haggai, however, the later six chapters appear to be a much older prophecy of Shadrach that became embedded in Zachariah at some point.
Septuagint - Joshua
Series: Septuagint. Price: $3.99 USD. Words: 36,100. Language: American English. Published: August 20, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Old Testament, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings
The general view of both historians and biblical scholars is that the Book of Joshua holds no historical value, and is simply a book written during the life of Josiah, or during the Babylonian captivity, or even later by Ezra during the Second Temple Era, however, this is based on analysis of the Masoretic version of the book, which is quite different from the Septuagint's version.
Septuagint - Haggai
Series: Septuagint. Price: $2.99 USD. Words: 6,200. Language: American English. Published: August 17, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Prophecy, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings
The Book of Haggai is set in the year 421 BC, year 2 of King Darius II of the Persian Empire. Most scholars accept that Haggai was written shortly after 421 BC, however, it appears to have been written about Haggai, and not by him. Very little is known about him, as the era he lived in as part of the so-called missing years of Rabbinical history.
Septuagint - Torah
Price: $24.99 USD. Words: 278,050. Language: American English. Published: August 16, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Old Testament, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings
In the mid-3rd century BC, King Ptolemy II Philadelphus ordered a translation of the ancient Israelite scriptures for the Library of Alexandria. They created a translation that was later known as the Septuagint. This translation attempts to restore and translate the original Septuagint's Torah as it would have appeared circa 250 BC.
Septuagint - Deuteronomy
Series: Septuagint. Price: $5.99 USD. Words: 54,030. Language: American English. Published: August 14, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Old Testament, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings
The differences between the Masoretic and the Septuagint's version of Deuteronomy, and several other books in the two collections of scriptures are both minor and startling, as the two sets of scriptures contain the same stories, but different Gods.
Septuagint - Zephaniah
Series: Septuagint. Price: $3.49 USD. Words: 8,720. Language: American English. Published: August 11, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Prophets, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings
The Book of Zephaniah is generally considered one of the older surviving books of the Hebrew Scriptures, with most scholars dating it to before the Torah was written, or at least heavily redacted in the time of King Josiah. Most scholars accept that Zephaniah was written by a prophet called Zephaniah between 630 and 612 BC, however, very little is known about him.
Septuagint - Numbers
Series: Septuagint. Price: $6.99 USD. Words: 62,750. Language: American English. Published: August 10, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Old Testament, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings
Since the 1800s, the majority of Biblical scholars have interpreted the books of Leviticus and Numbers as a later addition to the original laws of Moses found in Exodus, with Deuteronomy being an even later addition during the Babylonian or Persian eras. Genesis is either considered to be part of Moses' original work, or a later addition in the Persian era, depending on the scholar.
Septuagint - Habakkuk
Series: Septuagint. Price: $3.49 USD. Words: 12,420. Language: American English. Published: August 8, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Prophets
The Book of Habakkuk is generally considered one of the older surviving books of the Hebrew Scriptures, with most scholars dating it to before the Torah was written, or at least heavily redacted in the time of King Josiah. Most scholars accept that Habakkuk was written by a prophet called Habakkuk around 612 BC, however, virtually nothing is known about him.
Septuagint - Leviticus
Series: Septuagint. Price: $3.99 USD. Words: 32,610. Language: American English. Published: August 5, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Old Testament, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings
In the mid-3rd century BC, King Ptolemy II Philadelphus of Egypt ordered a translation of the ancient Hebrew scriptures for the Library of Alexandria, which resulted in the creation of the Septuagint. The original version, published circa 250 BC, only included the Torah, or in Greek terms, the Pentateuch. The Torah is the five books traditionally credited to Moses, circa 1500 BC.
Septuagint - Nahum
Series: Septuagint. Price: $2.99 USD. Words: 5,700. Language: American English. Published: August 5, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Prophets, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings
The Book of Nahum is generally considered one of the oldest surviving books of the Hebrew Scriptures, with most scholars dating it to before the Torah was written, or at least heavily redacted in the time of King Josiah. Most scholars accept that Nahum was written by a prophet called Nahum between 663 and 656 BC, who was most likely from the town of Alqosh in northern Iraq.
Septuagint - Jonah
Series: Septuagint. Price: $2.99 USD. Words: 8,630. Language: American English. Published: August 3, 2020 . Categories: Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Biblical Studies / Prophets, Nonfiction » Religion & Spirituality » Judaism / Sacred Writings
The Book of Jonah is generally considered by scholars to be fictional tale written in the Persian era, however, the version in the Septuagint indicated the story likely dates back to the Assyrian era, between 720 and 612 BC. There are several reasons why Jewish, Christian, and secular scholars have questioned the book's origin.
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