James Constant

Biography

writes on law, government and science, as they are and as they should be

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Books

Black Holes
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Series: Gravitation, Book 18. Price: $9.95 USD. Words: 3,930. Language: English. Published: March 28, 2015. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Gravity
Black holes are theoretically hypothesized astronomical objects in all theories of gravitation. By definition, black holes emit no photons and, therefore, all information about black holes is being sought indirectly, by formulating theories and seeking observations. The likelihood of observing and detecting black holes is at nearest distances, likely inside and nearest the centers of galaxies.
Extended Zeta Functions Prove or Dis-prove Riemann's Hypothesis
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Series: Mathematics, Book 3. Price: $5.95 USD. Words: 1,110. Language: English. Published: February 17, 2015. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Mathematics
Extended zeta functions make it possible to prove or dis-prove Riemann's Hypothesis
Riemann's Analytic Expression Disproved
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Series: Mathematics, Book 2. Price: $5.95 USD. Words: 740. Language: English. Published: February 14, 2015. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Mathematics
Riemann's analytic extension leads to obvious inconsistencies of his zeta function
Proof of Riemann's Hypothesis
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Series: Mathematics, Book 1. Price: $5.95 USD. Words: 1,670. Language: English. Published: February 13, 2015. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Mathematics
Riemann's hypothesis is proved using Riemann's functional equation
Angular Momentum Puzzle
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Series: Gravitation, Book 17. Price: $5.95 USD. Words: 1,740. Language: English. Published: January 28, 2015. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Gravity
The planets have 99% of the angular momentum and the sun has 99% mass.Is there an angular momentum puzzle in the solar system?
The Gravitational Probe B Boondoggle
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Series: Gravitation, Book 16. Price: $5.95 USD. Words: 1,130. Language: English. Published: January 27, 2015. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Gravity
Big Government, big academia and big corporate interests at work. Why did NASA spend 650 million dollars to prove in Einstein's theory what is known in Newton's theory?
Large Scale Uncertainty Principle and the Gamma Ray and Optical Limits
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Series: Gravitation, Book 15. Price: $9.95 USD. Words: 1,890. Language: English. Published: January 12, 2015. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Gravity
Large scale uncertainty prevents a gravitational theory from making absolute statements of its predictions, especially at or near its singularities.
Le Verrier's and Einstein's Predictions for Precession of Perihelia
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Series: Gravitation, Book 14. Price: $9.95 USD. Words: 2,710. Language: English. Published: January 5, 2015. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Gravity
No theory, classical or relativistic, can predict the precession of perihelia unless it meets the necessary and sufficient requirements of elliptic orbits set by Newton's law of gravitation and Kepler's laws. To date, no exact Keplerian solution exists for the planetary n-body problem for predicting the precession of perihelia.
Sommerfeld's and Einstein's Precession of Perihelia
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Series: Gravitation, Book 13. Price: $9.95 USD. Words: 1,810. Language: English. Published: January 1, 2015. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Gravity
The problem of explaining the precession of the perihelion for planet Mercury has not been solved by any theory,
Riemann's Geometry and Newton's Gravitation
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Series: Gravitation, Book 12. Price: $9.95 USD. Words: 4,150. Language: English. Published: December 14, 2014. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Gravity
This page will examine some difficulties in reconciling General Relativity with Newton’s Theory of Gravitation. Including predictions for the precession of perihelia and bending of light under Kepler’s laws and Einstein’s General Relativity. It is clear Einstein's theory cannot be reconciled with Newton's theory of gravitation Kepler’s laws, and the mass energy law
Fictional Gravitational Forces
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Series: Gravitation, Book 11. Price: $5.95 USD. Words: 1,460. Language: English. Published: November 29, 2014. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Gravity
The natural state of the Galactic universe is mass in angular motion usually described by Newton’s laws of linear motion and gravitation. While enormously successful, Newton’s laws appear to act instantaneously which no theory has been able to explain. This page provides an explanation of action at a distance in terms of the laws of angular motion and fictional gravitational forces.
Einstein's Equivalence Postulate and Spacelike Waves
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Series: Gravitation, Book 10. Price: $5.95 USD. Words: 1,460. Language: English. Published: November 27, 2014. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Gravity
Einstein's equivalency postulate must be abandoned for study of space-like wave phenomena such as gravitation
The Illusion of Space Expansion
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Series: Gravitation, Book 9. Price: $5.95 USD. Words: 1,230. Language: English. Published: November 23, 2014. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Gravity
An alternative theory of the universe as a finite sphere based on actual observations of Galactic redshifts and the cosmic microwave background. Mainline cosmological theories fail to explain Hubble’s linear law best explained by a thermodynamic universe.
Thermodynamic Universe
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Series: Gravitation, Book 8. Price: $5.95 USD. Words: 1,630. Language: English. Published: November 18, 2014. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Gravity
This page explains the connection between Newton’s laws, of gravitation and motion, and redshift observations, as interpreted by the Doppler, Einstein’s, and Thermodynamic theories. It adopts the Thermodynamic universe theory and discards the Doppler and Einstein theories.
Speed of Gravity
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Series: Gravitation, Book 7. Price: $5.95 USD. Words: 1,980. Language: English. Published: November 11, 2014. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Gravity
This page presents an alternative to the claim that time-like gravitational waves at the speed of light exist and are sourced from quantum fluctuations and space expansion during inflation of the Big Bang.The alternative presented is low frequency long wavelength space-like gravitational waves at the speed of light and sourced in cosmic objects. Unlike photons, gravity is un-quantized.
Einstein's Geometry and Tests
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Series: Gravitation, Book 6. Price: $5.95 USD. Words: 1,980. Language: English. Published: October 29, 2014. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Gravity
Einstein's theory of gravitation has few experimental results and his attempt to replace cosmic gravity by geometry fails for lack of geometric axiomatic basis and dearth of experimental results. First, I concentrate on General Relativity's lack of axiomatic geometry and later briefly discuss its lack of experimental results.
Newton's Gravitation and Cosmic Expansion (V Appendices)
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Series: Gravitation, Book 5. Price: $9.95 USD. Words: 2,900. Language: English. Published: October 26, 2014. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Gravity
Galactic Distance v Speed Table, Validity of Theories discussion, and Tables of fundamental, conversion, cosmic and astronomical constants are provided.Apparent galactic distances and speeds are lower than actual distances and speeds.
Newton's Gravitation and Cosmic Expansion (IV Theories)
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Series: Gravitation, Book 4. Price: $9.95 USD. Words: 7,220. Language: English. Published: October 13, 2014. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Gravity
Theories. Part 4 of Newton's Gravitation and Cosmic Expansion.Compares gravitational theories and presents the present theory which characterizes the universe as an eternal existence steady state spherical cavity in which the Radiation region is a Planck blackbody which produces the observed microwave background on Earth.
Newton's Gravitation and Cosmic Expansion (III Observations)
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Series: Gravitation, Book 3. Price: $9.95 USD. Words: 5,910. Language: English. Published: October 6, 2014. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Gravity
Observations. Part 3 of Newton's Gravitation and Cosmic Expansion. Looks st sources of red shift and microwave background, forces acting on cosmic photons, mass density, cosmic redshift, the Big Bang and Space expansion
Newton's Gravitation and Cosmic Expansion (II Relativistic)
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Series: Gravitation, Book 2. Price: $9.95 USD. Words: 5,550. Language: English. Published: September 2, 2014. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Gravity
Relativistic. Part 2 of Newton's Gravitation and Cosmic Expansion theory of gravitation. Hubble's linear law and assumed non-linear galactic redshifts due to relativistic doppler speeds, and development of a speed distance law for sizing the universe.
Newton's Gravitation and Cosmic Expansion (I. Non-Relativistic)
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Series: Gravitation, Book 1. Price: $9.95 USD. Words: 3,550. Language: American English. Published: August 16, 2014. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Gravity
Non-Relativistic Part 1 of Newton's Gravitation and Cosmic Expansion theory of gravitation
Biographical Index
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Series: Philosophy of Law, Book 14. Price: $1.99 USD. Words: 2,540. Language: American English. Published: November 17, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Constitutional law
This Biographical Index contains the names of philosophers and authors whose opinions on law and government are in the 12 books of Uncertainty of Law and Constitutional Government published as a Philosophy Series in the Smashwords Edition
Uncertainty of Law and Constitutional Government
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Series: Philosophy of Law, Book 13. Price: $1.99 USD. Words: 1,600. Language: American English. Published: October 9, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Jurisprudence
Jurisprudence. Philosophy of Law.This book looks at Uncertainty of Law and Constitutional Government: Law and Mathematics and Science; Godel's Incompleteness Theorem; Nashe's Optimal Game Theory; Art of Matched Filters, as introduction to the series entitled Philosophy of Law published by Smashwords
Literature and Law
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Series: Philosophy of Law, Book 12. Price: $9.99 USD. Words: 11,950. Language: American English. Published: October 8, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Jurisprudence
Jurisprudence. Philosophy of Law. Uncertainty of Law and Constitutional Government. This book looks at Literature and law: Greek; Roman; English; American;French; German; RussiaN
Prospects for Constitutional Government
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Series: Philosophy of Law, Book 11. Price: $9.99 USD. Words: 8,820. Language: American English. Published: October 7, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Jurisprudence
Jurisprudence. Philosophy of Law. Uncertainty of Law and Constitutional Government. This book looks at Prospects for Constitutional Government: War and Peace; Limited Government and Individual Rights; Pax Americana; Wealth and Change; Right to Self Defense
Argument and Program for Certainty in Law
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Series: Philosophy of Law, Book 10. Price: $9.99 USD. Words: 8,630. Language: American English. Published: October 7, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Jurisprudence
Jurisprudence. Philosophy of Law. Uncertainty of Law and Constitutional Government. This book looks at Argument and Program for Certainty in Law: The Status Quo; New Politics; New Constitution; New Laws; Law and Entropy
Uncertainty and Law
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Series: Philosophy of Law, Book 9. Price: $9.99 USD. Words: 9,980. Language: American English. Published: October 7, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Jurisprudence
Jurisprudence. Philosophy of Law. Uncertainty of Law and Constitutional Government. This book looks at Uncertainty and Law: Constitutional Uncertainty; Legal Uncertainty; Individual Rights; Effects of Uncertainty
Wealth and Law
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Series: Philosophy of Law, Book 8. Price: $9.99 USD. Words: 6,720. Language: American English. Published: October 7, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Jurisprudence
Jurisprudence. Philosophy of Law. Uncertainty of Law and Constitutional Government. This book looks at Wealth and Law: Minority Rule;Legislation and Revolution; Government by Lawyers; Lawyers and Wealth
Courts and Law
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Series: Philosophy of Law, Book 7. Price: $9.99 USD. Words: 8,820. Language: American English. Published: October 7, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Jurisprudence
Jurisprudence. Philosophy of Law. Uncertainty of Law and Constitutional Government. This book looks at Courts and Law: Original Intent; Judicial Activism; Reserved Rights and Powers; Political Questions; Constitutionalism
Justice and Law
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Series: Philosophy of Law, Book 6. Price: $9.99 USD. Words: 9,740. Language: American English. Published: October 6, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Jurisprudence
Jurisprudence. Philosophy of Law. Uncertainty of Law and Constitutional Government. This book looks at Justice and Law: Law Schools and Students; Lawyers and Judges; Juries and Trials; People and Corporations; Insurance and Property Cases; Constitutional Guarantees; Attorney fees and Corporate Crime
Character of the State
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Series: Philosophy of Law, Book 5. Price: $9.99 USD. Words: 6,910. Language: American English. Published: October 6, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Government / General
Jurisprudence. Philosophy of Law. Uncertainty of Law and Constitutional Government. This book looks at Character of the State: Individual and State; Existence and Survival of States; The American State; Morals and Law; Morals and Virtue
Government and Law
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Series: Philosophy of Law, Book 4. Price: $9.99 USD. Words: 9,650. Language: English. Published: October 6, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Government / General
Jurisprudence. Philosophy of Law. Uncertainty of Law and Constitutional Government. This book looks at Government and Law: The State; Theory and Practice of Government; Jefferson's Principle and Change; the Ideal State. American Government and Rule of Law
History and Law
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Series: Philosophy of Law, Book 3. Price: $9.99 USD. Words: 11,160. Language: American English. Published: October 6, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Legal theory
Jurisprudence. Philosophy of Law. Uncertainty of Law and Constitutional Government. This book looks at History and Law: Jewish, Greek, Roman, English and American Law, the Bill of Rights and Corporate Pewrsonas
The Causes of Law
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Series: Philosophy of Law, Book 2. Price: $9.99 USD. Words: 12,050. Language: American English. Published: October 6, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Jurisprudence
Jurisprudence. Philosophy of Law. Uncertainty of Law and Constitutional Government. This book looks at the causes of law: law as an artifact; the efficient, material, formal and final causes of law; and the errors of positivism
The Domain of Law
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Series: Philosophy of Law, Book 1. Price: $9.99 USD. Words: 6,660. Language: American English. Published: October 5, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Legal theory
Jurisprudence. Philosophy of Law. Uncertainty of Law and Constitutional Government. This book looks at the domain of law: the laws of Faith, Reason, and Observation; Natural Law; Positivism; Realism; Nomocriticism
Petition for Extraordinary Writ Denied Without Opinion– Patent Case 94-1257
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Series: Patent Cases, Book 10. Price: $19.95 USD. Words: 12,770. Language: American English. Published: September 16, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Intellectual property
Petition for Extraordinary Writ Denied Without Opinion– Patent Case 94-1257. Court pre-filing Order Trumps Lack of Jurisdiction Claim.
Petition for Certiorari Denied Without Opinion – Patent Case 98-1972.
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Series: Patent Cases, Book 13. Price: $1.99 USD. Words: 2,090. Language: American English. Published: September 10, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Intellectual property
Petition for Certiorari Denied Without Opinion – Patent Case 98-1972. 9th Cir-Affirmed subject to pre-filing review order-Not for Publication-Federal Patents Confiscated Under California State Laws – Court Waives Third Party Lien on Patents.Was the 9th Circuit interested in justice or in using rules to protect corporate interests? Even when the lower court jumped the law?
Petition for Certiorari - Denied Without Opinion Patent Case 93-1413
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Series: Patent Cases, Book 7. Price: $19.99 USD. Words: 18,120. Language: American English. Published: September 7, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Constitutional law
Affirmative Defenses of Patent Invalidity and Judicial Immunity Are Not Claims for Purposes of Jurisdiction.
Petition for Certiorari Denied Without Opinion – Patent Case 93-1518
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Series: Patent Cases, Book 8. Price: $5.99 USD. Words: 12,050. Language: American English. Published: August 13, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Intellectual property
Petition for Certiorari Denied Without Opinion – Patent Case 93-1518 Affirmative Defenses Trump Patent Claims and raise questions of a court's jurisdiction to decide patent claims without violating jurisdictional statutes for the infringement of patents.
Petition for Certiorari Denied Without Opinion – Patent Case 96-1178
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Series: Patent Cases, Book 11. Price: $1.99 USD. Words: 3,440. Language: American English. Published: August 10, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Intellectual property
Petition for Certiorari Denied Without Opinion – Patent Case 96-1178 Court Requires Pro se Inventor to Obtain counsel. Inventor sues judges
Petition for Certiorari Denied Without Opinion – Patent Case 98-1151
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Series: Patent Cases, Book 12. Price: $1.99 USD. Words: 2,230. Language: American English. Published: August 9, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Intellectual property
Petition for Certiorari Denied Without Opinion – Patent Case 98-1151.Patent Ownership and Assignment-Conflict of Federal and State Decisions-35 USC 261
Petition for Certiorari Denied Without Opinion – Patent Case 88-308
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Series: Patent Cases, Book 6. Price: $0.99 USD. Words: 800. Language: American English. Published: August 8, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Intellectual property
Petition for Certiorari Denied Without Opinion – Patent Case 88-308. Re-examination of Patents in District Courts. 35 USC 302 et. seq.
Supreme Court Eminent Domain Case 09-381 Denied Without Opinion
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Series: Eminent Domain Cases, Book 9. Price: $9.99 USD. Words: 10,170. Language: American English. Published: August 8, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Real estate and property law
California's quick action laws deprive property owners of their 5th Amendment rights for due process and just compensation and their 14th Amendment right for equal treatment
California Supreme Court Petition – S173448 – Denied Without Opinion
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Series: Eminent Domain Cases, Book 5. Price: $5.99 USD. Words: 10,340. Language: American English. Published: August 7, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Real estate and property law
California Supreme Court Petition – S173448 – Eminent Domain Case Denied Without Opinion.
Supreme Court Questions Presented 09-381– Denied Without Opinion
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Series: Eminent Domain Cases, Book 8. Price: $1.99 USD. Words: 360. Language: American English. Published: August 5, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Constitutional law
Supreme Court Questions Presented in Case 09-381– 5th and 14th Amendment Questions Denied Without Opinion.
California Supreme Court Questions Presented
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Series: Eminent Domain Cases, Book 4. Price: $1.99 USD. Words: 780. Language: American English. Published: August 5, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Property
California Supreme Court questions presented denied without opinion in eminent domain cases.
The Navier-Stokes Millenium Problem
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Series: Mathematics, Book 4. Price: $9.99 USD. Words: 980. Language: American English. Published: August 4, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Science and Nature » Mathematics
Solutions of the Navier–Stokes equations often include turbulence, which remains one of the greatest unsolved problems in physics, despite its immense importance in science and engineering.
California Petition for Rehearing S188596
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Series: Eminent Domain Cases, Book 7. Price: $0.99 USD. Words: 530. Language: American English. Published: August 2, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Constitutional law
The appeal court remained silent on petitioner's Motion to Void Judgment which was not heard, denied petitioner's appeal without opinion and ordered non publication.
California Supreme Court Petition No S188598
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Series: Eminent Domain Cases, Book 6. Price: $5.99 USD. Words: 1,850. Language: American English. Published: August 1, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Constitutional law
Does a court have discretion to remain silent and avoid addressing its fundamental jurisdiction in writing? And, does a court have discretionary powers to certify its decision as an unpublished opinion pursuant to California Rules of Court rule 8.1115?
Supreme Court Petition For Rehearing No 10-1275
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Series: Eminent Domain Cases, Book 11. Price: $0.99 USD. Words: 800. Language: American English. Published: July 31, 2013. Category: Nonfiction » Law » Constitutional law
A court must have jurisdiction before it can deny a case without opinion. Where there is no jurisdiction, there can be no discretion, for discretion is incident to jurisdiction.
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James Constant’s tag cloud

14th amendment    28 usc 1652    35 usc 261    35 usc 302 et seq    5th amendment    663 motion to dismiss    9th circuit    action at a distance    actual galactic mass distance speed    affirmative claims    affirmative defenses    american government    american law    american state    analytic extension    angular gravitational motion    apparent galactic mass distance speed    apparent mass    appellants federal rights    appellate jurisdiction    appellate procedure    assignment of patents    astronomical singularities    attorneys fees    axiomatic geometry    barycentric effect    barycentric effects    bending of light    big bang    bill of rights    binary open solar system    black hole    black holes    bohrs postulates    brillouins field mass    brillouins field mass theory    california quick action law    california supreme court    causes of law    ccp 473d    ccp 663    certainty in law    character of state    clay mathematics institute    comparing predictions    conditional series    constant vs american microdevices    constitution    constitutional government    constitutional guarantees    constitutional issues    constitutional uncertainty    constitutionalism    copyrights    corporate crime    corporate personas    cosmic density    cosmic forces    cosmic microwave background    cosmic redshift    cosmology    court practice    court procedure    court procedures    court process    courts and law    critical line    critical strip    date of value    decision without opinion    delayed gravitational action    denied without opinion    dismissal of action    dismissal of case    disproving riemanns hypothesis    distance measurements    doppler redshifts    doppler theory    due process    eccentricity of orbits    effects of other planets    effects of uncertainty    einsteins equivalence postulate    einsteins general relativity    einsteins precession theory    einsteins predictions    einsteins redshifts    einsteins theory    elliptic orbits    elliptical orbits    eminent domain    english american law    english law    equal treatment    errors of positivism    euclidean space    eulers formula    eulers primes    examination of evidence    existence of state    extended zeta funcion    extra gakactic universe    extra galactic universe    federal judges    federal law    fictional gravity    finding primes    finite universe    frame dragging    french german law    frequency measurements    frequency of gravity    functional equation    fundamental jurisdiction    galactic conversion to radiation    galactic photons    galactic universe    galaxies    gamma ray and optical limits    general relativity    geodetic precession    geometry and gravitation    government by lawyers    gravistatics    gravitatiinal probe b    gravitation    gravitation tests    gravitation theory    gravitational action    gravitational forces    gravitational redshift    gravitational theories    gravitational waves    greek law    greek roman law    hubble linear law    hubbles law    hubbles linear law    ideal state    individual and state    individual rights    infinite series    insurance cases    introduction to jurisprudence    jeffersons principle    jewish law    judges    judicial abuse    judicial activism    judicial immunity    judicial system    juries    jurisprudence    jury verdict    just compensation    justice and law    keplers laws    lack of jurisdiction    large redshifts    large scale uncertainty    law    law an artifact    law and faith    law and mathematics    law and observation    law and reason    law and science    law ansd entropy    law of the land    law schools    law students    laws of motion    lawyers    lawyers and wealth    le verriers theory    legal uncertainty    legislation and revolution    lien on patents    limited government    linear gravitational motion    linear theory    literature and law    lorentz transformations    machs principle    mass shielding    mass uncertainty    microwave background    millenium prize    minority rule    morals and law    morals and virtue    motion to void judgment    natural law    navierstokes equations    navierstokes problem    navierstokes solutions    negative field mass    new constitution    new laws    new politics    newtonian gravity    newtonian redshifts    newtons cosmic gravitation    newtons precession theory    newtons predictions    newtons theory    nomocriticism    nonexpanding universe    nonlinear doppler theory    nonorbital gravity    not for publication    observed precession    orbit changes    orbital angular momentum    orbital gravity    orbiting gyroscopes    original intent    party in interest issues    patent asasignments    patent assignment    patent infringement    patent invalidity    patent jurisdiction    patent liens    patent ownership    patent sales    patents    pax americana    people and corporations    petition for certiorari    petition for rehearing    philosophers of law    philosophy of law    plancks blackbody theory    planetary orbits    planets angular momentum    planets mass    political questions    positivism    practice of government    pre filing order    precession of perihelia    prefiling order    prime number theorem    prime numbers    principle of equivalence    property cases    pythagoras theorem    quantized gravity    questions presented    quick action    radiation photons    radiation universe    realism    reasons for denial    redshift    redshift evidence    redshift observations    reexamination of patents    relativistic doppler    relativistic forces    relativistic orbits    relativity tests    reserved powers    reserved rights    riemanns analytic extension    riemanns functional equation    riemanns hypothesis    riemanns space    riemanns zeta function    right to self defense    right to take    roman law    rotational angular momentum    rule 12h3    rule of court 81115    rule of law    russian law    sale of patents    schwarzchild metric    self representation    series convergence    single closed solar system    singularities    size galactic universe    solar system angular momentum    solar system gravitation    solar system mass    sommerfelds precession theory    sommerfelds theory    sources of microwave background    sources of redshift    space expansion    spacelike waves    special relativity    speed distance law    speed of gravity    state and federal laws    state law    state laws    status quo    suing judges    sun mass    supernovae    supreme court    supreme court practice    supreme court precedents    survival of state    taking issues    tests of general relativity    the state    theories compared    theory of government    thermodynamic redshifts    thermodynamic universe    thomas precessiion    trials    turbulence    uncertainty of law    unequal treatment    universes    unpublished opinions    unsolved problems    validity of laws    validity of process    validity of theory    value date issues    void judgment    war and peace    wave energy and momentum    wave theory    wavelength of gravity    wealth and change    wealth and law    zeta functions